Company history

History of JSC “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” has started more than 60 years ago. The company was founded in 1959 as the eastern branch of S. P. Korolev Special Design Bureau-1 (OKB-1) and was located in Krasnoyarsk-26 (now Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk region). M. F. Reshetnev (a student and associate of S. P. Korolev) was appointed its head.

Initially the fledging company started off with design supervision of ballistic missiles serial production, but in the early 1960s it embarked upon developing a lightweight launch vehicle of the Kosmos family and small communications spacecrafts. Since then the satellites creation has become the key activity of the company.

JSC RESHETNEV was the first company in the country that started the development of low-orbit communications, direct TV broadcasting and data relay satellites, as well as navigation and geodetic spacecrafts. In many activity areas, the Siberian company still has no competitors in the domestic market.

Within more than 60 years of space activity, relying on the high scientific and personnel potential, JSC “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” has built a powerful production, technological and experimental base. During this period the company's specialists created about 1300 spacecrafts of various purposes, on the basis of which over 40 multi-satellite systems and complexes in all orbits were formed. The company was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for solving strategically important tasks of national and international scale.


The period from 1959 to 1970 was mainly dedicated to the enterprise development and definition of its activity direction. The fledging company started off with design supervision of the R-14 missile, which had been developed by Special Design Bureau-586 of Dnepropetrovsk led by M. K. Yangel. This missile later was transferred into production at the Krasnoyarsk Machine Building Plant. As early as mid-January 1962, the first ballistic missile R-14, created in Siberia, was launched from the Kapustin Yar launch site.

In 1961 the enterprise was reorganized and renamed to Special Design Bureau-10. The first independent space project of the company was the creation of a lightweight launch vehicle of the Kosmos family. It was developed on the basis of ballistic missile R-14. The company made a name for itself on August 18, 1964 when the first launch vehicle 11K65 (Kosmos-3) carrying three experimental satellites Kosmos-38, -39, -40 was successfully launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome. Only three days later, the Strela-1 communications satellites (Kosmos-42 and Kosmos-43) developed by Reshetnev’s team were launched into orbit from the Kapustin Yar launch site. So, Siberia has started the production of not only carrier rockets, but also satellites.

Since the mid-1960s, Special Design Bureau-10 began developing the production of the most powerful spacecraft of that time, the Molniya-1 family, to be launched into a high elliptical orbit. In 1967, three Molniya-1 satellites built in Siberia were launched into space. On the basis of these satellites a communication and broadcasting system was created in high elliptical orbits for the first time in the world.

In parallel, the company was actively developing in the field of space coordinate measurement. In 1967, the Tsiklon satellite was successfully launched; this satellite successfully provided navigational and communications services at the same time. 1968 year was marked by the launch into orbit of the first Sfera domestic geodetic satellite.

Thus, already in its first decade of existence, the Siberian enterprise (in 1966 it was renamed into KB PM (Design Bureau of Applied Mechanics)), maid the beginning for several trends in satellite engineering, including creation of personal communications, navigation and geodetic satellites.

  • Chronicle of events


    On April 1, the USSR Council of Ministers decided to establish a subsidiary of Special Design Bureau-1 in Krasnoyarsk-26 to carry out research and development projects and manufacture rocketry using production facilities of the Krasnoyarsk Machine Building Plant (Krasmash).

    On June 4, the order of the State Committee for Defense Technology on the establishment of the Special Design Bureau-1 branch was issued. It was decided to place the branch in the closed city of Krasnoyarsk-26. Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev was appointed Head and Chief Designer of the Special Design Bureau-1 branch.


    On August 31, the Special Design Bureau-1 branch led by M. F. Reshetnev was assigned No. 2


    On December 18, branch No. 2 of Special Design Bureau-1 was reorganized into an independent Special Design Bureau-10.


    On August 18, the launch of the first company's own product – the 11K65 Kosmos-3 launch vehicle with three models of the Strela-1 spacecraft of the Kosmos family (No. 38, 39, 40) took place.

    OnOn August 22, the first two Strela-1 satellites of the Kosmos family (No. 42, 43) were launched.


    On March 6, by order of the Ministry of General Mechanical Engineering, the Special Design Bureau-10 was renamed to KB PM (Design Bureau of Applied Mechanics).


    On May 25, the first Molniya-1 satellite, manufactured in Krasnoyarsk according to Special Design Bureau-1 documentation, was launched into a high elliptical orbit. The world's first communications and TV broadcasting system in high elliptical orbits was based on this type of satellite.

    November 2 was the official opening of the Orbita television network based on the Molniya-1 communications spacecrafts.

    The Cyclone navigation and communications satellite was launched on November 23.


    The Sfera geodetic satellite was launched on February 20. In the future, the Sfera geodetic system will be created based on these spacecrafts.


    On February 23, the order was signed by the Ministry of General Mechanical Engineering “On the establishment of a branch of Krasmash in Krasnoyarsk-26 on the basis of productions No. 5 and No. 6 – “Mechanical Plant” with its subordination to head of the KB PM (Deputy Director of the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant). Anatoly Efimovich Mitrofanov was appointed Director of the Mechanical Plant.

    On December 2, the Ionospheric Station research satellite was launched for the USSR Academy of Sciences.


In the 1970s, satellite systems based on the Strela-1 and Strela-2 spacecrafts developed by the team of M. F. Reshetnev continued to operate in orbit, providing communications in hard-to-reach areas, where the use of conventional ground-based communications means was impossible.

At this time, KB PM was gaining momentum in the field of navigation. Along with the production of the Tsiklon spacecraft, the new navigation and communications satellites Tsiklon-B and Tsikada were put into operation in low circular orbits. And by the end of the decade, the company started design work to create a fundamentally new global navigation satellite system in medium circular orbits, called GLONASS.

Domestic geodesy developed on the basis of Sfera satellites, created by Reshetnev’s team. Thanks to the operation of the Sfera space complex, a model of the Earth was created and a world geodetic network was built in 1977. At the same time the company began to develop a new generation of GEO-IK geodetic satellites.

Great strides have been made in the field of telecommunications. The Molniya-1, Molniya-2 and Molniya-3 satellites, in addition to operation for special customers, provided TV broadcasting using Orbita ground stations placed throughout the country.

One of the main achievements of the Reshetnev’s team in this decade was the development of the geostationary orbit. A little over a year after the launch of the experimental Molniya-1C satellite, in December 1975, the Raduga spacecraft was launched to the geostationary orbit; this satellite was designed for phone communications and TV signal transmission to the Orbita network of ground stations. This event marked a new era in Russian cosmonautics. In 1978 the Gorizont satellite was launched; it was also known as the “Olympic Order” satellite, since these kinds of satellites were designed to provide TV and radio data transmission from the 1980 Summer Olympics held in Moscow.

In the same decade, the Siberian enterprise made another breakthrough. It was the creation of the Ekran direct broadcasting spacecraft, which formed the basis of the world's first satellite NTV system.

  • Chronicle of events


    On November 24, the Molniya-2 communications and television satellite was launched.


    On June 6, the first satellite was launched into geostationary orbit. It was the Molniya-M1S spacecraft.

    On October 11, the company was awarded the Order of Lenin for the creation of new technology.

    The Molniya-3 spacecraft was launched on November 21.


    The Raduga communications satellite was launched on December 22. The regular satellite operations in geostationary orbit have started.


    On October 26 the Ekran direct broadcasting satellite (NTV) was launched. It provided communications and broadcasting services to the entire eastern territory of the USSR.


    On August 1, the Order No. 271 of the Ministry of General Machine Building “On the establishment of the Scientific Production Association of Applied Mechanics” (NPO PM) was signed. NPO PM included KB PM (leading design bureau) and Mechanical Plant. Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev was appointed General Director and Chief Designer of NPO PM. Grigory Markelovich Chernyavsky was appointed the first Deputy General Director and Chief Designer. Anatoly Yefimovich Mitrofanov was the First Deputy General Director and Director of the Mechanical Plant.


    On December 19, the Gorizont communications and television satellite for national and regional TV, phone and telegraph communications was launched. The spacecraft provided a broadcasting of the Olympic Games held in Moscow in 1980.


NPO PM follows the course to develop the satellite communications, broadcasting, navigation and geodetic systems. The launches and operation of spacecrafts of the Strela, Molniya, Raduga, Ekran, and Gorizont families continue. In 1981, a new generation geodetic satellite (GEO-IK) was launched into orbit. With the help of space complex based on the satellites of this type two geocentric models of the Earth's field were created, its shape was defined, the world's astronomical and geodetic network was built.

The first GLONASS navigation satellite launched into a medium circular orbit in 1982 was a new word in the field of space navigation. This event initiated the deployment of the global navigation satellite system of the same name, which later became the national property of the country.

In the 1980s, NPO PM achieved significant progress in the field of satellite data relay. In 1982, the Potok spacecraft was launched into orbit. Three years later, the first Loutch data relay satellite was launched. Both satellites embodied the advanced technologies and in many technical features surpassed the requirements of the time.

  • Chronicle of events


    On September 30, the GEO-IK satellite was launched to create geodetic networks, define parameters of the Earth's gravity field, study the topography of the World Ocean, etc.

    On October 21, NPO PM was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.


    On May 18, the Potok data relay satellite was launched. It was the first NPO PM spacecraft with an onboard control subsystem based on a digital computer.

    On June 30, the first satellite of the international COSPAS-SARSAT system was launched.

    The first GLONASS navigation satellite was launched into a medium circular orbit on October 12.


    November 28, Moscow branch of NPO PM was established.


    On October 25, the Loutch data relay satellite was launched. The satellite provided one hundred percent radio visibility of the processes on Mir orbital space station and other domestic space objects.


    On December 27, the upgraded Ekran-M direct broadcasting satellite was successfully launched.


    On June 22, the Raduga-1 communications satellite was launched.


NPO PM team continued to work on the deployment of the GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System. In early 1991, its flight tests were completed, and in 1993 it was put into operation with 12 satellites. By the end of 1995 24 GLONASS spacecrafts were operating in orbit, i.e. the system began to operate in the nominal mode.

To develop the personal communications direction, NPO PM built the Gonets-D satellite. Spacecraft of this family verified the feasibility of civil satellite communications of the e-mail type and formed the basis of a Gonets-D1 low-orbit system.

During these years, the first company satellite designed for TV broadcasting in the international frequency range was built. It was named the Gals spacecraft. At the same time, Express fixed communications satellite was created and launched into orbit.

The experimental Mission Control Center and Ground Control Complex for civil satellites such as Gals and Express were created and began operating in 1994 at the NPO PM premises.

One of the key events of this decade was the entry of NPO PM into the international market. In 1995 the company began developing the SESAT telecommunications satellite for the Eutelsat telecom operator. The spacecraft was created in cooperation with the French Alcatel Space company (now Thales Alenia Space). Thus, NPO PM became the first enterprise in the domestic space industry to sign a contract with a foreign customer. The Siberian-European satellite was put into orbit in 2000. At that time it was the most powerful spacecraft created in Russia and marked the beginning of long-term cooperation with the largest space companies in the world.

Simultaneously with the SESAT project, NPO PM developed and manufactured the Express-A fixed communications satellite for the Russian orbital fleet.

  • Chronicle of events


    On July 13, the Gonets-D e-mail satellite was launched.


    On September 24, GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System consisting of 12 spacecrafts was put into operation.


    On January 20, the Gals satellite for international direct television broadcasting was launched. For the first time the satellite was controlled from the Zheleznogorsk Mission Control Center located at the NPO PM site.

    On October 13, the Express fixed communications satellite was launched.


    On October 12, the Loutch-2 data relay satellite was launched.


    On March 12, Albert Gavrilovich Kozlov was appointed General Designer and General Director of NPO PM.


    On March 4, the Zeya experimental communications satellite was launched from the Svobodny Cosmodrome.

    On October 23, NPO PM was named after its founder and first head, Academician Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev.


    On March 12, the Express-A fixed communications satellite was launched.

    On April 18, the Siberian-European communications satellite SESAT (10 years lifetime) was launched for the Eutelsat international organization.


The development of satellite telecommunications in this decade resulted in the Express-AM program, which marked the creation of qualitatively new spacecrafts to provide communications, TV broadcasting and data relay. In total, during this period the company has developed and manufactured seven spacecrafts of this family.

In 2000s, the development of Gonets-D1M low-orbit satellite personal communications system based on Gonets-M spacecraft was started. In addition to communications and data relay, the system is designed to monitor the location of various objects, environmental and scientific monitoring.

The company resumed work in the field of satellite data relay. Specialists of Reshetnev’s company started building the Loutch multifunctional space data relay system. The satellites of this system are designed to provide communications with low-flying satellites and rocket-space technology objects, such as launch vehicles and upper stages, as well as with the Russian segment of the International Space Station. The fact that it was the first time the company developed and produced not only the platform, but also the repeater makes this project very significant.

Replenishment and updating of the GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System was one of the priority issues not only for the company, but also for the whole country. For economic reasons, the satellite number in this orbital constellation sharply decreased in the previous decade. In this regard, the company is working at an accelerated pace to create the updated GLONASS-M satellites and develop a new generation of GLONASS-K satellites.

As part of the reform of the Russian space industry in 2008 the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Academician M. F. Reshetnev Scientific Production Association of Applied Mechanics” was transformed into the Open Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”. It continues to solve strategically important tasks in the interests of the country's defense capability and socio-economic development. This was evidenced by the offsite meeting of the Russian Government, which was chaired by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin held at JSC ISS.

The period from 2001 to 2010 is a new stage in the development of international cooperation. The company has signed a number of contracts for the development and production of telecommunications spacecrafts for foreign customers.

  • Chronicle of events


    On June 10, the updated Express-A4 satellite of the fixed communications and television system was launched.

    On November 28, the Mozhaets low-orbit research and technology satellite was launched.


    On December 10, the first updated GLONASS-M navigation spacecraft was launched.

    The first Express-AM22 telecommunications satellite of a new generation with the lifetime of 12 years was launched into the geostationary orbit on December 29.


    On April 22, the Express-AM11 telecommunications satellite with a new repeater was launched into geostationary orbit in frames of Express-AM program.

    The Express-AM1 telecommunications satellite was launched into geostationary orbit on October 30 in frames of the Express-AM program. The satellite payload differs from payloads of the previous Express-AM satellites of this family.


    On December 21, the Gonets-M block of new generation communications satellites was launched.


    On June 9 the President of Russia signed the Decree on creation of an integrated corporation of JSC “Information Satellite Systems” on the basis of NPO PM and nine related enterprises.

    On September 8, Nikolay Testedov was appointed General Designer and General Director of M. F. Reshetnev NPO PM.


    The Express-AM33 telecommunications satellite was launched into geostationary orbit under the Express-AM program on January 28.

    On March 3, the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Academician M. F. Reshetnev Scientific Production Association of Applied Mechanics” (NPO PM) was transformed into the Open Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” (JSC ISS).

    On May 23, the Yubileinyi small spacecraft was launched. The satellite was designed to solve a wide range of educational, research and technological issues.

    On July 30, the contract for delivery of AMOS-5 geostationary communications satellite system based on Express-1000N platform was signed between JSC ISS and Israeli satellite communications operator SPACE COMMUNICATION LTD.

    On October 21, JSC ISS hosted a visiting session of the Government of the Russian Federation, chaired by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.


    The Express-AM44 telecommunications spacecraft was successfully launched on February 11. The satellite was built by JSC ISS in cooperation with the European company Thales Alenia Space by order of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media, the Federal Space Agency and FSUE Russian Space Communications Company.

    The integrated corporation based on JSC ISS was completely formed on December 21. It included nine enterprises involved in the spacecrafts production: NPP Geofizika-Cosmos (Moscow), NPP Kvant (Moscow), NPP KP Kvant (Rostov-on-Don), Siberian Instruments and Systems (Omsk) and NPC Polyus (Tomsk) as well as Zheleznogorsk companies: NPO PM – Razvitie, ITC NPO PM, NPO PM MKB, Sibpromproekt.


The Siberian Satellite Company is one of the key participants in the implementation of state programs in the field of space activities. In addition, in the second decade of the new century the company continues to participate in commercial projects, including international ones.

In 2011 the first GLONASS-K new generation navigation satellite was put into orbit; and the orbital constellation of the Global Navigation Satellite System started operation again in its full strength of 24 spacecrafts.

The company has successfully tested a tandem launch scheme. It involves the installation of two spacecrafts one above the other under the payload fairing of the launch vehicle. The tandem scheme was used to launch the Loutch-5A and AMOS-5 satellites, Loutch-5B and Yamal-300K, Loutch-5V and KazSat-3 satellites, as well as the new Express spacecrafts.

The Gonets D1M system of personal communications in low orbits is being developed. Along with the production of the Gonets-M spacecraft, the development of updated Gonets-M1 satellites is underway.

In the field of communications satellites production, the company took a course to create its own payloads. The first success in this direction was the design and manufacture of the Loutch-5A, Loutch-5B and Loutch-5V data relay satellites.

The throughput capacity of telecommunications spacecrafts, which were created at the enterprise on the basis of Express-1000 satellite platforms (medium-class) and Express-2000 (heavy-class) platform families, was significantly increased. A fundamentally new technical solution was the use of an electric propulsion subsystem in the manufacture of satellites weighing over 3 tons, which makes it possible to launch heavy spacecrafts more effectively using the capabilities of existing launch vehicles.

The company is also actively involved in scientific space projects. The Millimetron mission stands out among them. For this space observatory, Reshetnev’s team was building a part of the payload – a 10-meter telescope with a system of cooling screens. In addition, the production of power conditioning unit for the electric power subsystem of the landing module of the ExoMars 2020 international spacecraft was successfully completed in 2019.

In 2015, on the basis of Federal Law No. 99-FZ of May 5, 2014, Open Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” was renamed into Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”.

  • Chronicle of events


    The successful launch of the first GLONASS-K new-generation navigation spacecraft took place on February 26.

    On December 8, the GLONASS orbital constellation became fully operational with 24 spacecrafts (all satellites are of the GLONASS-M family).

    On December 11, the dual launch of AMOS-5 telecommunications satellite (ordered by Israeli satellite communications operator SPACE COMMUNICATION LTD.) and Loutch-5A data relay satellite (under the Russian Federal Space Program) took place. AMOS-5 is the first spacecraft of JSC ISS based on non-pressurized Express-1000N platform. Loutch-5A is the first data relay satellite for the Loutch multifunctional space data relay system and the first project, for which the company developed and manufactured the repeater.


    On July 28, a small research satellite MiR (Mikhail Reshetnev) was put into a low circular orbit. Onboard this satellite 20 promising technologies used for various spacecraft subsystems have been experimentally tested and flight qualified. MiR was also the company's first experience in building Earth remote sensing satellites.

    The successful dual launch of Loutch-5B and Yamal-300K satellites took place on November 3.


    On February 28, the General Designer and General Director of JSC ISS Nikolay Testoedov and President and Executive Director of Thales Alenia Space Company Jean-Loïc Galle signed an agreement on creation of a joint venture, focused on creating payload elements for telecommunications spacecrafts. Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Francois Hollande attended the signing ceremony.

    On August 5, the joint venture of JSC ISS and Thales Alenia Space – UNIVERSUM SPACE TECHNOLOGIES – was registered.

    The Express-AM5 telecommunications spacecraft, the first satellite built on the basis of the Express-2000 heavy-class platform developed by JSC ISS, was launched on December 26.


    The dual launch of the Express-AT1 and Express-AT2 telecommunications spacecrafts took place on March 16.

    On April 28, the dual launch of the Loutch-5V data relay spacecraft and KazSat-3 telecommunications satellite, built for Kazakhstan's Republican Center of Space Communications, took place.

    The launch of Express-AM6 telecommunications spacecraft, manufactured on the basis of Express-2000 heavy-class platform, took place on October 21.

    On December 15, the launch of Yamal-401 heavy-class telecommunications satellite, ordered by JSC Gazprom Space Systems, took place.


    On January 19, in accordance with Federal Law No. 99-FZ of May 5, 2014, the Open Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” was renamed into Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”.

    The successful launch of three Gonets-M spacecrafts took place on March 31.

    On May 18-22 the company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” hosted the international workshop of the United Nations “Application of Global Navigation Satellite Systems GNSS / GLONASS”, which was held in Krasnoyarsk.

    Express-AM8 telecommunications spacecraft was launched on September 14.

    The opening ceremony of the Siberian Regional Earth Remote Sensing Center of Roscosmos took place on September 22 at the company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Informational Satellite Systems”.


    The last GLONASS-M navigation spacecraft was launched on February 7 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

    On June 4, GEO-IK-2 geodetic spacecraft was launched.


    Reshetnev’s company has completed manufacturing of flight equipment within the framework of the international Mars exploration project. As part of the ExoMars 2020 project, the company's specialists created a power conditioning unit for the electric power subsystem, as well as manufactured the onboard cable network. They were intended to supply electric power to the landing module, to be a part of the ExoMars 2020 spacecraft.


    The Express-80 and Express-103 telecommunications spacecrafts were launched jointly on July 31.

From 2021

The development of multi-satellite systems, which are included in the Sfera federal project, is a priority for “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”. The first of them, the Marafon system, provides for the creation and launch into low Earth orbit of several hundred fundamentally new small spacecrafts to provide Internet of Things services. The second large-scale project is the medium-orbit Skif system for the development of broadband Internet access. The company also faces the task of creating the Express-RV system on a high elliptical orbit, in which four satellites of the same name will provide subscribers with access to public communications networks, including the Internet information and telecommunications network.

In order to deploy multi-satellite constellations under the Sfera project, the company switches to the technology of serial production of spacecrafts. In solving this problem, well-established cooperation with scientific and educational partners help RESHETNEV company, which in the recent history has reached a qualitatively new, system level. Today, JSC RESHETNEV is the leader in terms of cooperation with educational and scientific institutions both in the industry and in the country. Such collaboration creates dozens of new space materials, structures and onboard devices for satellites, as well as equipment for their testing and mission application.

RESHETNEV company continues to maintain the GLONASS orbital constellation. At the same time it remains the only manufacturer of navigation, data-relay and geodetic satellites in the country. Updating the systems based on them is one of the most important tasks being solved by the Siberian satellite company in the interests of socio-economic development of the country.

Today, the “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” company is the largest center of basic satellite production technologies, which make it possible to successfully implement any project. Relying on the experience of the previous six decades, modern production facilities, wide scientific cooperation, high-quality personnel training and professional team, Zheleznogorsk enterprise is fully prepared to fulfill the tasks set for it by Russia.

  • Chronicle of events


    The Express-AMU3 and Express-AMU7 telecommunications spacecraft were launched on December 13.


    On June 29 Evgeny Nesterov was appointed General Director of the company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems”.

    On October 12, the ANGOSAT-2 telecommunications spacecraft, built for the Republic of Angola, was launched.

    The Skif-D spacecraft, together with three Gonets-M satellites, was launched on October 22. Spacecrafts manufactured by the company were launched for the first time from the new Russian Vostochny Cosmodrome. The successful launch of the Skif-D demonstration satellite marked the beginning of the Sfera federal project.


    On February 14, 2023 the abbreviated company name of Joint Stock Company “Academician M. F. Reshetnev “Information Satellite Systems” was changed from JSC ISS to JSC RESHETNEV. The corresponding changes were made to the company's charter and passed state registration.